Any info on where to go for research would be greatly appreciated.
This could be on any particular facet of this era - culture, warfare, religion, and so on. I also am interested in gunpowder and its early production methods, though I know it was not invented by the time of the Rebellion. I also have Mark E. All of these are quite good, but when it comes to researching for a story, I find it would be best to have as much data as I can accumulate. I think it was called court of the lion. A historical fiction account of an lu shan.
Pretty good. Did you know we have a extensive reading list in our wiki? It covers a wide array of subjects and also includes online documentaries and podcasts. It might be worthwhile to check it out! If the reading list does not include the material you are looking for, we do hope that someone will be able to make a good suggestion in this thread! If it turns out to be an awesome suggestion, we would love to hear about it so we can include it in the reading list!
Chinese voyages seeking trade or demanding tribute plied this region, and even ventured westward as far as Arabia and East Africa. Unlike Europe, however, China showed no interest in overseas conquest or colonization. Another mysterious feature of early modern China is the seizing-up of technological progress.
As noted earlier, China was the clear technological leader of the medieval world.
Within a looser web of globalization, the T'ang period and its dynamics offers a distant mirror of our own time. An argument in world history may thus cast light on . 'Any student interested in macro-history, as well as in the history of China in pre- modern times, will be well rewarded by reading it.' - Professor John S. Gregory.
Yet in the Early Modern period, Chinese invention stagnated, while Europe entered a permanent state of rapid scientific progress. This dramatic historic reversal may be explained by the exceptional conservatism that emerged in the late Ming dynasty and persisted throughout the Qing dynasty. It included a policy of extreme isolationism , which prohibited most international trade and travel; consequently, the aforementioned merchant navy was dismantled. Although China was already resistant to foreign ideas, this heightened isolationism virtually guaranteed that European advances would remain unknown.
Meanwhile, Europe adopted foreign advances at every opportunity, including those of China.
In a Confucianist society, stable conditions are ideal for the strict maintenance of tradition. Arguably, only an environment of conflict and uncertainty can interrupt this tradition sufficiently to generate innovation. The Qing dynasty aka Manchu dynasty was China's second period of foreign rule. The Manchu are the native people of Manchuria ; today, they constitute an ethnic minority within China. The culmination of this decline was the Taiping Rebellion , the bloodiest civil conflict in history.
The history of Korea will be given only the briefest of treatments here. From ancient times, various native kingdoms emerged in this region. Starting with the Han dynasty, China intermittently fought with these kingdoms, sometimes gaining partial control of the Korean peninsula. Multiple kingdoms ruled Korea until the late medieval period, when the peninsula was united as a single state Choson. A Japanese state did not emerge until the early medieval period, when the Yamato clan achieved loose control over much of Japan ca.
As Chinese influence radiated from the west, the Yamato chief adopted the title of emperor, and a Chinese-style bureaucratic government was established though the actual governing power of the Japanese emperor would never rival that of his Chinese counterpart. In terms of protection from hostile foreigners, geography was kind to Japan. Whereas China and Korea endured frequent invasions by Steppe nomads , Japan experienced only two.
Both were attempted by the Mongols during the Mongol Empire period, and both were repelled. All emperors from this point forward in Japanese history are figureheads.
The era of Fujiwara rule, known as the Heian period ca. The Heian period ended in civil war.
This plunged Japan into centuries of isolation. As in China, the ruling elite was determined to maintain stability and order, to which the outside world was perceived as a serious threat. The second half of the shogunate period, known as the Edo period aka Tokugawa period , witnessed the firm union of Japan under the Tokugawa dynasty. The stability of this period has earned it the nickname Great Peace. Moreover, despite Japan's severe isolation, the Edo period featured vibrant economic growth.
In the midth century, Japan's destiny was changed forever when it was forced by the United States to open trade relations with the West, conducted under severely lopsided agreements. Soon after this traumatic event, the shogun was deposed by an oligarchy of nobles i. This reaction to Western imperialism contrasts sharply with that of China, where modernization would not be embraced for some decades.
The ensuing period may be termed the imperial age of Japan ca. Japanese victory came as a surprise to the world, and announced the nation's rise as a great power. Japan fought with the Allies in World War I. Postwar Japan served as a key American ally during the Cold War. The nation also embraced democracy and achieved a tremendous economic recovery.
Unlike South Asia, China was never added to a European empire. In the nineteenth century, however, China faced the same inescapable fate as Japan, as European powers especially Britain forced the nation to open trade relations under skewed terms; early Chinese exports of which tea was the largest flowed mainly to Britain. With the fall of the shogunate, China also had to contend with Japanese expansionism.
When the Qing dynasty was finally overthrown, a nominal republic actually a dictatorship was established, though its governing power was limited by internal dissent and a rival party the communist party. This Republic of China spanned roughly the interwar period. The country became sharply divided, as the government maintained popularity in the cities but faced a surging tide of rural unrest , due to neglect and mistreatment of the agricultural population. Han Dynasty China was deeply Confucian.
Confucianism is focused on ethics and maintaining harmony and social order in society. Buddhism, on the other hand, emphasized entering the monastic life to seek a reality beyond reality.
If you 're an rare Publication designing to Notify s produced to approximations, results, writing, and Dark exact lists, the Formulations and work Terms in this history create ethical -- whether you are coding a opinion, worship, or receipt preview with alphabet. Han power reached Korea and Vietnam. Like the Han dynasty before them, the Tang dynasty was created after the fall of a ruthless leadership. Because of the removal of the previous defensive forest, the Jin army marched quickly across the North China Plain to Kaifeng. Communist government.
Confucian China was not terribly friendly to Buddhism. Yet, Buddhism slowly spread. In the 2nd century, a few Buddhist monks -- notably Lokaksema, a monk from Gandhara , and the Parthian monks An Shih-kao and An-hsuan -- began translating Buddhist sutras and commentaries from Sanskrit into Chinese. The Han Dynasty fell in , beginning a period of social and political chaos.
China splintered into many kingdoms and fiefdoms. For purposes of this article, though, we'll compare north and south China.
Buddhist monks who were masters of divination became advisers to rulers of these "barbarian" tribes. In , the Wei ruler Emperor Taiwu began a brutal suppression of Buddhism. All Buddhist temples, texts, and art were to be destroyed, and the monks were to be executed. At least some part of the northern sangha hid from authorities and escaped execution. The first sculpting of Longmen Grottoes can also be traced to Xiaowen's reign. In south China, a kind of "gentry Buddhism" became popular among educated Chinese that stressed learning and philosophy.
The elite of Chinese society freely associated with the growing number of Buddhist monks and scholars. By the 4th century, there were almost 2, monasteries in the south.